Dental Care During Pregnancy
Carrying a baby affects all parts of your body, including your mouth. Hormonal changes that take place during pregnancy have a direct impact on your teeth and gums. It is essential to pay extra special attention to your dental health when you are pregnant. Furthermore, there are additional safety measures that need to be exercised when visiting your dentist’s office while you are expecting.
How Does Pregnancy Impact Your Dental Health?
Some of the problems that pregnant women may encounter with their teeth and mouth include:
Pregnancy Gingivitis: As a result of increase progesterone levels during pregnancy, a condition called gingivitis may occur. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. Symptoms of pregnancy gingivitis usually disappear once the baby is born.
Periodontal Disease: In some cases, pregnant women may experience a serious dental issue called periodontal disease that occurs when bacterial infection develops in pockets below the gum line. Not only can this damage the fibers that hold your teeth in place, women with periodontal disease are at higher risk of having premature babies.
Pregnancy Granuloma: A pregnancy granuloma is a nodular red growth that may appear along the upper line of your gums. Although these growths are not dangerous, they make affect the way you speak and eat. Pregnancy granulomas occur is about 2 to 10 percent of pregnant women and usually go away when the baby is born.
Dry Mouth: Hormonal changes cause a decrease in saliva production. Consequently, many pregnant women may experience dry mouth. Dry mouth may put at risk for many severe dental problems. Chewing sugarless gum usually helps.
Erosion of Tooth Enamel: Morning sickness causes vomiting which may result in the erosion of enamel on the back of your front teeth.
Dental Care During Your Pregnancy
Changes in your oral health are common during pregnancy. Here are a few helpful tips to maintain good dental care while waiting for your bundle of joy:
- Eat a healthy diet. Foods rich in protein and calcium and vitamins support the health of your baby and protect your teeth.
- Brush your teeth regularly. Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day.
- Remember to floss. Flossing once a day may help minimize the risk of pregnancy gingivitis.
- Include mouthwash in your routine. Antibacterial mouthwash may help control the bacteria that cause gingivitis.
- See your dentist regularly. Visit your dentist regularly to avoid any serious dental issues that may affect your pregnancy.
- Ask questions. It is better to be safe than sorry – if you have any concerns about dental procedures while you are pregnant, share them with your dentist.
Our dentists, Dr. Evelina Tolchinsky, DDS and Inna Trogan, DDS will be happy to provide you with more information pertaining to your dental health during your pregnancy. Our dentists have served the residents of Brooklyn Heights, Fort Greene, Carroll Gardens, Cobble Hill, Dumbo, and all of our other surrounding communities for years.